13 de agosto de 2020
A 2004 regulation had led to the closure of brothels, she recalled, however the prostitution trade had flourished underground. It was troublesome to show “sufferer standing”, which was required for punishment, beneath the legislation.
She asked the delegation to provide concrete knowledge on related insurance policies, as well as on any efforts envisaged to vary that state of affairs more quickly. Regarding the proposed Women’s Development Act that had been mentioned, was women’s employment specifically addressed in that measure? Additionally, did the nation plan to offer technical assistance for the implementation of the Committee’s concluding observations? She additional asked for more information on the growth of the ministerial portfolios, together with that of the Ministry of Gender Equality and Family, and whether the Government was committed to protecting the right to abortion. Finally, recalling that a delegation of women had been created several years in the past to take part in negotiations with the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, she requested whether that programme was nonetheless a precedence. To counter that, institutional infrastructure was being established, for which “remarkable progress” had been made lately.
Public opinion was being considered regarding whether or not that coverage should be made more equal. About 6 per cent of the police drive was women, a delegate stated, however few of them have been in administration positions, and the aim was to increase their percentage to 10 per cent. There have been dedicated officers for girls victims of violence linked to the one-stop service centres, but they weren’t out there in each case. She did not have the statistics on the number of migrant women who needed to leave the country after divorce. The focus of policies in that space was to help enhance the circumstances of those marriages. Another delegate answered a question on spousal rape, which she mentioned was not addressed by a specific clause or provision in the regulation.
It was true, a delegate added to another query, fault was thought of in divorces involving migrants, but there additionally was consideration of domestic violence, for which shelters and counselling had been provided. Other services, similar to these associated to the acquisition of Korean nationality, additionally had been obtainable. RUTH HALPERIN-KADDARI, skilled member from Israel, also asked about instituting a process korean girl of by which immigrant women could get hold of nationality without the consent of their husbands. No clear clarification of the fault regime had been given in the report, she mentioned. Another delegate defined that migrant women, following a divorce that was not her fault, might still pursue naturalization, and the problem of non-help of the Korean spouses concerned was being addressed. A delegate stated that victims of sexual violence may file fits, with authorized help.
Measures to forestall human trafficking beneath the guise of worldwide marriages had additionally been strengthened. Among different considerations expressed by experts was the excessive proportion of women who labored at non-regular employment. The delegation replied that gaps in regular employment alternatives between women and men existed, however the employment coverage aimed toward providing a wide variety of alternatives for ladies, together with half-time employment, might go well with some of them higher. It famous that the Republic of Korea had the longest common working hours of nations within the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development . As some 10 per cent of marriages within the nation had been international, concern additionally was expressed over the plight of migrant wives who grew to become divorced from their husbands. The delegation defined that in circumstances by which the girl was not at fault they were eligible for naturalization and that, in instances of domestic violence and other issues, they have been assisted.
Policies were being developed to cope with difficulties in that context, including instances of non-help from the ex-husbands. The experts welcomed that info, but questioned the position of “fault” within the process.
On article 9, Ms. SCHULZ, expert from Switzerland, asked what quantity of authorized migrants obtained nationality through marriage or have been granted momentary keep visas. Did the Republic of Korea plan to vary the regulation so as to give those women a guarantee of staying within the country? Would they have the ability to transfer in the direction of naturalization without approval of their husbands? She additionally asked whether or not the country deliberate to ratify the Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families. Recalling further that 10 per cent of political subsidies were required by regulation for use to support feminine candidates, she advised that the next proportion may be needed to spice up equitable representation. In response to a different query, she mentioned that ladies in shelters from domestic violence could keep for a yr and a half, after which, other dwelling preparations could possibly be supplied, together with help with employment and other matters.
However, court docket precedents existed punishing that follow, which had been adequate to deal with the matter. Addressing the nationalization of women through marriage, she said about 163,000 women married Korean men, and of these, about 100,000 gained nationality. Regarding the nationalization process of women who got here into the country by way of international marriages, a delegate said that the Korean Divorce Act contained a clause pertaining to the celebration “at fault”. It was attainable for women to stay within the Republic of Korea while the scenario of fault was being resolved, she mentioned.
She asked whether or not the delegation might provide further information on that policy, as well as a proposed timeline for the decriminalization of women in prostitution. VIOLET TSISIGA AWORI, Rapporteur and skilled member from Kenya, asked about the lack of a complete law on trafficking in individuals within the Republic of Korea. The delegation had acknowledged the lack of statistics out there on the variety of feminine victims of trafficking, and requested what measures have been in place to enact a comprehensive regulation, and acquire better knowledge. Turning to questions on article 4 of the Convention, on momentary particular measures, Ms. NEUBAUER, skilled from Slovenia, mentioned that the serious lack of ladies’s participation in Korean determination-making was a clear demonstration of the lack of implementation of ladies’s empowerment laws. Further, the very sluggish pace at which women’s representation was rising confirmed that that article of the Convention was not being utilized.
The Comprehensive Plan to Prevent Domestic Violence, announced in 2011, focused on strengthening preliminary response to instances of violence and better defending victims. Under an act revised at the finish of June, judicial law enforcement officials were given the power to take short-term emergency measures, and different enhancements and mechanisms had been launched to allow a victim to independently request direct protection, in addition to legal proceedings. Legislation towards sexual violence was strengthened, with offenders identified publicly and subjected to extra stringent punishment.
In Parliament, she defined, some posts had been stuffed through direct elections, whereas others had been crammed by a proportion system. In that system, every political party introduced a “line-up” of candidates ahead of time. Meanwhile, it was recommended — but not required — that 30 per cent of the immediately elected seats be stuffed by women. Together, the two systems presently accounted for a total of thirteen per cent of Parliamentary seats that have been stuffed by women.
The mandatory filing of expenses in circumstances of violence was present process review, and improving that policy could be a precedence going ahead. In regard to women’s participation in elected offices, a delegate said that the Government realized that an increase was needed, but there was a restrict to improvement within the current scenario. The Government was doing what it might, however, to extend the pool of ladies candidates, via, for example, a web site to identify them. Another delegate described efforts to extend the variety of women professors at universities, which had grown greatly in the past several years. A plan was in place since 2002 to coach women scientists, who had also increased as a result. ISMAT JAHAN, skilled member from Bangladesh, stated that whereas the Republic of Korea prohibited trafficking for sex work or marriage brokerage, “grave issues” existed in regards to the enforcement of such legal guidelines. If they managed to flee from traffickers, were migrant victims in that specific scenario provided with safeguards?
For that objective, there was a one-stop service centre that also provided counselling, together with a shelter system, run via matching funds provided by the central and local governments. Victims did not obtain subsidies, but were provided with necessities within the shelters.